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Common Collector Car Terms A - L

Common Collector Car Terms A - L

Term and Definitions

2-door sedan - A four+ passenger car with only two entry doors.

4-door sedan - A four+ passenger car with four entry doors.

4-speed - A transmission with four forward speeds.

5-speed - A transmission with five forward speeds.

6-speed - A transmission with six forward speeds.

ABS - Anti-lock braking system. An electro-mechanical braking system which is designed to minimize or prevent wheel lock-up during braking.

Acryllic enamel - A polymer-based coating acrylic widely used for automotive topcoats. Its physical properties can be controlled in part by the choice of the alcohol used to make the ester.

Bias ply tire - Tires in which the cords in the body plies of the carcass run from bead to bead at an angle from 26 to 38 degrees instead of 90 degrees as in a radial ply tire.

Cabriolet - A European term for convertible.

Cam or Camshaft - A shaft in the engine on which are the lobes (cams) which operate the valves. The camshaft is driven by the crankshaft, via a belt, chain or gears, at one half the crankshaft speed.

Catalytic Converter - A device installed in the exhaust system, like a muffler, that converts harmful byproducts of combustion into carbon dioxide and water vapor by means of a heat-producing chemical reaction.

Classic - A classic can refer to any car that is 25 years old or older. It can also refer to a range of vehicles built mostly from 1925 to 1948.

Classic car - Any automobile manufactured between and including the years 1925-1948, and designated as a classic car by tha Classic Car Club of America.

Collector car - Any motor vehicle (except recreational) that is at least 20 model years old and manufactured after 1935 or of a defunct make.

Compression Ratio - The ratio of the volume between the piston and cylinder head when the piston is at the bottom of its stroke (bottom dead center) and when the piston is at the top of its stroke (top dead center).

Concours - A car show of the very finest vehicles, or a vehicle that is up to concours standards. Typically, concours shows and levels of restoration center on such outstanding marques as Bugatti, Talbot-Lago, Duesenberg, Delahaye, Isotta Fraschini, etc.

Convertible - An automobile having a retractable or removable roof.

Coupe - A car with a close-coupled passenger compartment.

Custom - Any modernized motor vehicle manufactured in the year 1949 or later, and customized body, engine or both.

CVT transmission - The CVT is an "infinite speed" transmission, which continually selects an optimum overall drive ratio between engine and drive wheels for all operating conditions.

Decked - Trunk trim removed, holes filled.

Deuce - 1932 Ford.

Displacement - A way of expressing engine size. It's a measure of the total volume of all the cylinders and usually is given in cubic centimeters or liters. A 5.0-liter engine is 350 cubic inches.

Dog-dish wheel cover - A small wheel cover, designed with a diameter only large enough to cover the lug nuts.

DOHC - Double Overhead Camshaft. Two camshafts for each cylinder bank.

Enamel paint - A free-flowing clear or pigmented varnish, treated oil, or other form of organic coating that usually dries to a hard, glossy, or semigloss finish.

Flathead - Engine design with the valves in the block rather than in the head(s).

Ford flathead - Introduced in the 1932, this was the first truly affordable V-8, and the beginning of Ford's long association with performance.

Four-door hardtop - A four+ passenger car with four entry doors, and no side B-pillar between the door windows of each side.

Full wheel cover - A wheel cover of large diameter, covering nearly the entire wheel.

Heads-up Display - Indicator images are projected on the windshield in front of the driver.

Hemi - Engine design with machined hemispherical combustion chambers.

Hydroplaning - The accumulation of water in a film under the footprint which causes a tire to lift from the road surface, losing traction. Hydroplaning is affected by vehicle speed, tread pattern, and water depth.

Knock-off wheels - Wheel retained by a single spin on center retainer, generally tightened with a lead a hammer.

Lacquer paint - A type of paint that dries by solvent evaporation that must be rubbed out to produce a gloss.

Lake Pipes - Side exhaust pipes that run under the rocker panels.

Lead Sled - A lowered and highly customized vehicle from the late 40s and early 50s. Emample: the 1949-1951 Mercury.

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